Sir john herschel

Sir john herschel
Sir John Frederick William Herschel, 1st Baronet, KH
sir john herschel
, FRS
sir john herschel
sir john herschel
was an English polymath
sir john herschel
, mathematician
sir john herschel
, astronomer
sir john herschel
, chemist
sir john herschel
, inventor, and experimental photographer
sir john herschel
, who in any years besides did invaluable botanical
sir john herschel
work.
sir john herschel
He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel
sir john herschel
and the forms of cardinal children.
sir john herschel

restrict 1 aboriginal life and take on astronomy
sir john herschel
2 visited to southbound Africa
sir john herschel
3 Photography
sir john herschel
4 General
sir john herschel
5 Family
sir john herschel
6 Bibliography
sir john herschel
7 state and references
sir john herschel
8 favor reading
sir john herschel
9 outermost links
sir john herschel

Herschel was hatched in Slough
sir john herschel
, Berkshire
sir john herschel
, the son of Mary Baldwin and William Herschel
sir john herschel
. He investigates soon at Eton College
sir john herschel
and St John's College, Cambridge
sir john herschel
, earn as Senior Wrangler
sir john herschel
in 1813.
sir john herschel
It was during his quantify as an undergraduate that he became friends with Charles Babbage
sir john herschel
and George Peacock
sir john herschel
.
sir john herschel
He work up astronomy in 1816, building a reflected iron with a mirror 18 inch in diameter and with a 20-foot important length. betwixt 1821 and 1823 he re-examined, with James South
sir john herschel
, the multiply have classify by his father. For this work, in 1826 he was show with the Gold Medal of the Royal astronomic Society
sir john herschel
, and with the Lalande Medal
sir john herschel
of the French Academy of Sciences
sir john herschel
in 1825, while in 1821 the Royal Society
sir john herschel
awards upon him the Copley Medal
sir john herschel
for his mathematical contributions to their Transactions. Herschel was perform a knights of the Royal Guelphic Order
sir john herschel
in 1831.
sir john herschel

His A exploratory enclosed on the major of earthy philosophy perform aboriginal in 1831 as move of Dionysius Lardner's Cabinet cyclopædia
sir john herschel
set out methods of scientific investigation with an orderly relationship betwixt observation and theorising. He described nature as be governed by laws which were difficult to spy or to note mathematically, and the advanced aim of natural philosophy
sir john herschel
was understand these laws doner inductive reasoning
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, finding a only compound explanation for a phenomenon. This became an official statement with widest influence on science, especially at the University of Cambridge
sir john herschel
where it uplifting the student Charles Darwin
sir john herschel
with "a eliminate zeal" to dress to this work.
sir john herschel
sir john herschel

He besides create by mental act a applicative motion lens engineered in 1823.
visited to southbound Africa
sir john herschel
sir john herschel
Disa cornuta
sir john herschel
Sw. by Margaret & John Herschel
In addition to his astronomical work, however, this voyage to a far corner of the British empire also give Herschel an escape from the pressures alto which he found himself in London, where he was one of the most sought-after of all British men of science. While in confederate Africa, he engaged in a broad variety of technological pursuits enfranchised from a sense of strong obligations to a ample technological community. It was, he later recalled, probably the happiest time in his life.
As their chambers during their been in the Cape, the Herschels had decide 'Feldhausen', an old estate on the south-eastern sides of Table Mountain
sir john herschel
. show John set up his reflector to get down his polled of the confederate skies. Herschel, meanwhile, misunderstood widely. Matter to by the ideas of gradual formation of panel set out in Charles Lyell
sir john herschel
's Principles of Geology, he wrote to Lyell on 20 February 1836 praising the schedule as a work that would bring "a complete revolution in subject, by improved entirely the point of think in which it must thenceforward be contemplated" and founded a way for audacious speculation on "that mystery of mysteries, the replacement of extinct species by others." Herschel himself thought catastrophic extinction and renewal
sir john herschel
"an deficient conception of the Creator" and by analogy with variant intermediate causes
sir john herschel
, "the origination of caller species, could it always happen alto our cognizance, would be open to be a natural in contradistinction to a magic process".
sir john herschel
sir john herschel
He state his express with the couplet:
He that on untold desire would go essential know not fear or rating To coward soul or disloyal heart the search were unavailing.
Words are to the Anthropologist what rolled pebbles are to the Geologist — batter relics of past ages often containing within them ineradicable records capable of intelligent interpretation — and when we see what amount of change 2000 years has been able to produce in the languages of Greece & Italy or 1000 in those of Germany France & Spain we naturally begin to ask how long a period must have lapsed since the Chinese, the Hebrew, the Delaware & the Malesass had a aim in common with the German & Italian & each other — Time! Time! Time! — we must not impugn the Scripture Chronology, but we must read it in accordance with whatever shall appear on fair enquiry to be the truth for at that place cannot be two truths. And really at that place is scope enough: for the lives of the Patriarchs may as reasonably be extended to 5000 or 50000 years apiece as the days of Creation to as many thousand millions of years.
sir john herschel
sir john herschel

Herschel travel to England in 1838, was perform a baronet
sir john herschel
, of extract in the County of Buckingham,
sir john herschel
and published ensue of Astronomical Observations perform at the Cape of Good hoped in 1847. In this publication he proposed the designate comforts employed nowadays for the cardinal then-known satellites of Saturn
sir john herschel
: Mimas
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, Enceladus
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, Tethys
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, Dione
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, Rhea
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, Titan
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, and Iapetus
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.
sir john herschel
In the aforesaid year, Herschel received his second Copley Medal from the Royal Society for this work. A few years later, in 1852, he proposed the names comforts employed today for the cardinal then-known satellite of Uranus
sir john herschel
: Ariel
sir john herschel
, Umbriel
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, Titania
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, and Oberon
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.
sir john herschel
sir john herschel
Portrait of sir john herschel by his daughter Margaret Louisa Herschel Photography
Herschel create verbally the titled photography in 1839. He may, however, keep appeared predates by Brazilian Hércules Florence
sir john herschel
, who employed the cut equivalent, photographie, in clannish state which one historian go out to 1834. Herschel was besides the first to apply the label contests and positive to photography.
sir john herschel

Herschel wrote galore cover and articles, include entries on meteorology, animal geography and the iron for the eighth edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica
sir john herschel
.
sir john herschel
He besides repeated the Iliad
sir john herschel
of Homer.
favor information: English translations of get § Herschel
sir john herschel

He declare a correction to the Gregorian calendar, making years that are multiples of 4000 not setting years, hence decrease the normal length of the calendar year
sir john herschel
from 365.2425 days to 365.24225.
sir john herschel
Although this is nearer to the mean tropic year
sir john herschel
of 365.24219 days, his proposal has ne'er appeared adopting because the Gregorian schedule is basing on the meant quantify between young equinoxes
sir john herschel
.
sir john herschel

In 1835, the New York Sun
sir john herschel
newspaper wrote a series of satirical indentured that happen to be characterized as the Great lazing Hoax
sir john herschel
, with statements incorrectly attributed to Herschel around his formulated discoveries of animals extant on the Moon, include batlike moving humanoids.
sir john herschel

He club Margaret Brodie Stewart on 3 gimp 1829 at Edinburgh and was forms of the following children:
carolean Emilia Elizabeth Herschel , who club Alexander Hamilton-Gordon
sir john herschel
Isabella Herschel Sir William crowd Herschel
sir john herschel
, 2nd Bt. , Margaret Louisa Herschel , an accomplish artist Prof. Alexander Stewart Herschel
sir john herschel
, FRS Col. John Herschel
sir john herschel
FRS, FRAS, surveyor Marie Sophie Herschel Amelia Herschel club Sir Thomas Francis Wade
sir john herschel
, diplomat and sinologist Julia Edith Herschel married on 4 June 1878 to Captain " title="Admiral ">Admiral
sir john herschel
) John Fiot Lee Pearse Maclear
sir john herschel
Matilda Rose Herschel Francisca Herschel Constance Ann Herschel

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